Black Panthers. FBI FILE ON THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY, NORTH CAROLINA.
Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1986.
The Black Panthers were a radical, sometimes violent, political organization. They were founded in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seal. At first, they advocated arming the black populace so they could protect themselves from politicians, law enforcement authorities, and business owners whom they considered to be oppressive. The Black Panthers believed that economic unfairness was the basic problem for blacks, not racial discrimination. So in the late 1960's, they began working with white revolutionary groups with whom they shared goals. By the early 1970's, the Black Panthers changed their methods by stressing community service within established political and social groups.
It contains an introduction that describes the origin and philosophy of the Black Panther Party and a summary of the provided FBI material. Each reel's contents is divided into sections and the date of the first and last documents in each section is also listed. This same information is also found at the beginning of the first reel.
DuBois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt) 1868-1963. PAPERS OF W.E.B. DUBOIS, 1803 (1877-1963) 1965.
Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1980.
This collection preserves the writings of W.E.B. DuBois, an historian by profession, and a civil rights pioneer by conviction. He wrote twenty-one books and countless journal articles. DuBois corresponded with Sherwood Anderson, Andrew Carnegie, Albert Einstein, Martin Luther King, Jr., Margaret Mead, Albert Schweitzer, Booker T. Washington, Roy Wilkins, and other significant figures. Those interested in African-American studies, American history, and political science have the opportunity to witness the nearly century old development of DuBois' political and social philosophy as they peruse this collection.
The collection is arranged into twenty series, with each listed and described. Copyright regulations pertaining to the use of this collection are explained. The microfilm reels are listed, as are selective items for which there is an index. Four years are mentioned in the title. The years 1877-1963 denote the time period in which there are items written by and to W.E.B. DuBois. The oldest item in the collection is a copy of a land grant made to James DuBois in 1803. Finally, 1979 is the year in which DuBois' stepson, David Graham DuBois, donated additional items.
McDonnell, Robert W. The papers of W.E.B. Du Bois, 1803 (1877-1963) 1979 : a guide.
The guide contains a biographical sketch of W.E.B. DuBois, and a description of the scope and content of this collection and of DuBois materials in other repositories.
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION CONFIDENTIAL FILES: FBI WIRETAPS, BUGS, AND BREAK-INS: THE NATIONAL SECURITY ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE CARD FILE AND SURREPTITIOUS ENTRIES FILE.
Frederick, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1988.
Contains card files of FBI surreptitious activity from 1942 to 1975 for organizations investigated by the FBI, including wire taps, bugs, and break-ins.
Guide contains an introduction to the collection and a reel index.
Garvey, Marcus 1887-1940. MARCUS GARVEY: FBI INVESTIGATION FILE.
Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1978.
During the decade of the 1920's, when most Americans experienced more prosperity than they ever had before, some poor blacks were desperately searching for a way in which they, too, could increase their standard of living. Marcus Garvey, a black American leader, born in Jamaica, took advantage of their situation. He started a "Back to Africa" movement that promised them a better life in a land where they no longer would be members of a minority race. Garvey also founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and had as many as 2 million followers. Many sent him money which he used to set up black businesses, profits of which were supposed to finance the movement. In 1925, however, Garvey was convicted of mail fraud in connection with the sale of worthless stock in one of the businesses, The Black Star Line, a supposed shipping company. "The Back to Africa" movement declined after Garvey was incarcerated.
Not accompanied by a guide. Includes New York Times articles, 1962-1971, archives from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
INVESTIGATIVE CASE FILES OF THE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION, 1908-1922.
Washington, D. C: National Archives, 1982.
National Archives Microform Publications. Microcopy no. M1085
The three reels that Ellis Library has of this 955 reel collection contain information on a variety of topics. Reel 319 has the investigative records relating to German aliens (Old German Files), 1915-1920. This contains letters and reports on suspected spies, and interviews with suspicious Germans. Reel 320 continues the files, and in addition contains reports on the American Protective League, the Loyal Black Knights of the Camp of Israel, and civil rights groups. Reel 482 has miscellaneous reports.
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., FBI FILE.
Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1984.
Black studies research sources
FBI documents released under the Freedom of Information Act record King's role in the civil rights movement and his Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The activities of the Communist Party, USA are documented. The file dates from 1958 through the campaign for a King national holiday in the 1970s. Documents that might be viewed as a violation of King's personal privacy and information gained by telephone wiretaps and hotel room "bugs" remain classified and thus are not included in the collection.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. PAPERS OF THE NAACP: PART 1, 1909-1950: MEETINGS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS, RECORDS OF ANNUAL CONFERENCES, MAJOR SPEECHES, AND SPECIAL REPORTS.
Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1982.
This collection includes the core elements of the papers of the NAACP from 1909 to 1950 held by the Library of Congress, which detail the association's structure, activities, and development at its highest level. The collection provides insight on many aspects of American Race Relations. The materials are divided into separate categories for filming, including Minutes of the Board of Director's Meetings, Monthly Reports of NAACP Officers (1918-1950), Annual Conference Proceedings, Proceedings of the Annual Business Meetings, and Special Correspondence (1910-1939). Correspondents include Thurgood Marshall, W.E.B. DuBois, Juanita E. Jackson, and Joel E. Springarn.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. A guide to papers of the NAACP. Part I, 1909-1950, Meetings of the Board of Directors, records of annual conferences, major speeches, and special reports.
Edited by Ralph Boehm, the guide includes an introduction to the collection, a detailed description of the items on each reel, and a subject index to Reels 8-14.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. PAPERS OF THE NAACP: PART 14, RACE RELATIONS IN THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA, 1940-1955.
Bethesda, MD: University Publications of America, 1993.
The material reproduced in this collection covers the development of NAACP foreign policy from 1940 to 1955. During World War Two and with the formation of the United Nations, the NAACP attempted to foster democratic principles in America and the European colonial empire, especially Africa. Topics include colonial liberation movements in Africa, the American Council on African Education, the Bandung Conference of 1955, Haiti, India, Italian colonies in Africa, the Palestinian conflict, the Virgin Islands, and the United Nations. NAACP figures involved include Walter White, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Rayford Logan.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. PAPERS OF THE NAACP: PART 19, YOUTH FILE.
Bethesda, MD: University Publications of America, 1995.
Series A (1919-1939) is the general file. Although only a few documents precede 1936, these hint at the NAACP's vision for youth organization before the youth councils were firmly established. Series B contains the first alphabetical half of the subject files of the NAACP Youth Department from 1940 through 1955. This series begins with "A" (American Jewish Congress) and runs through "M" (Motion Picture Project). Series C (1940-1955) is the second half of the subject file and runs from NAACP through Youthbuilders. The subject files in Series "C" fall into two broad categories: files pertaining to the organization of the NAACP youth movement and files pertaining to cooperation with other organizations. Series D (1956-1965) contains the Youth Department Files. These files document the youth movement of the NAACP between 1956 and 1965. Efforts to develop the NAACP youth movement at both local and national levels are covered. Local files include material on membership drives, sit-in demonstrations, fair employment, and other campaigns. National office files document NAACP programs designed to engage youths in the organization. They also include the files of many field workers and regional staff members who reported to the national office on their organizational work.
Randolph, A. Philip, 1889-1979. FBI FILE, A. PHILIP RANDOLPH.
Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1990.
An avowed anti-communist, A. Philip Randolph was a black labor leader who refused to allow membership to any Communists in his Pullman car porters' union or any other organization in which he played a leadership role. Yet, he was the subject of an FBI investigation because he had been a Socialist during World War I and continued to have Socialist leanings during the Second World War when he declined the Vice-Presidential nomination on the Socialist ticket. Randolph was also instrumental in the planning of protest marches on Washington, D.C., thus arousing FBI suspicion that his activities may be subversive.
An introduction provides a brief biography of A. Philip Randolph, tells what kind of documents are included in the contents, and how they are organized. Roll notes outline some of the contents. This information is also provided at the beginning of the roll.
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976. FBI FILE ON PAUL ROBESON.
Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1987.
Paul Robeson was a black scholar-athlete who graduated from Rutgers University in 1919. He was a two-time football All-American and a member of the academic honor society, Phi Beta Kappa. He later earned a degree from Columbia University School of Law. However, his talents as an actor and singer brought him international acclaim. Although a successful theatrical artist, Robeson became actively involved in national and international political issues. He supported movements concerning peace in the world, better labor conditions, racial equality and independence for African colonies. Some of the organizations with which he was affiliated were suspected of being Communist fronts. His friendship with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and with known Communists drew the attention of the United States government, and Robeson became the subject of an FBI investigation. The government concluded that his travels and speeches abroad were not in the best interest of the United States, and in 1950, Robeson's passport was canceled. Eight years later, he regained his passport after a legal battle. He moved to London to resume his theatrical career. Robeson returned to the United States in 1963 because of ill health.
The guide contains a brief biography of Paul Robeson, explains the reasons for the FBI investigation, and tells how the material is organized. The guide also contains a listing of some of the contents in each section of the roll. This information is also provided at the beginning of the first roll.
Wilkins, Roy, 1901-1981. FBI FILE ON ROY WILKINS.
Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1990.
Roy Wilkins served as Executive Secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1955-1977. He was not a Communist and fought its infiltration into the NAACP. The FBI investigated Wilkins, however, because of death threats and strong criticisms directed toward him.
The guide contains an introduction that provides a brief biography of Roy Wilkins and summarizes the film's content and its value to researchers. Roll notes list some of the contents of each section of the roll. This information is also provided at the beginning of the roll.
X, Malcolm, 1925-1965. MALCOLM X ASSASSINATION TRIAL: THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK V. THOMAS HAGAN, THOMAS 15X JOHNSON, AND NORMAN 3X BUTLER.
Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1990.
Malcolm X was assassinated in New York City on February 21, 1965. Ten months later, three men were tried for the murder. They were members of the Nation of Islam, a religious organization that at the time believed in the separation of the races. Malcolm X had been a leading spokesman for the group until he broke away and formed the rival Organization of African Unity (OAAU). These transcripts record the discourse that took place among the attorneys, witnesses, and court officials during the entire length of the trial. .
A synopsis of the trial, a brief biography of Malcolm X, and notes to the user are included in the guide. A listing of the roll contents is included in both the guide and at the beginning of the first roll.